## Background and Significance
Significance of the Study: This study is aimed at finding out why students must improve their writing skills while still in university. The main objective of the study is to find out the factors that affect the writing skills of the students while they are still in the university. This study will help the students to improve their academic writing skills. It will also help the university to improve the quality of the academic writing of its students.
This study is a part of the research work of the first author of this book. This book is the result of a research work that was conducted in the Department of English, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The research work was conducted under the supervision of the second author of the book. The first author has been working as a Lecturer in the English Department of the University. The second author is a Ph.D. candidate in English Language and Literature at the same University. Both the authors have been conducting research work in the field of English language and literature for quite some time. They have also been teaching English to the undergraduate students of the university for the last few years. They are also the members of the English Language Association of Bangladesh (ELAB).
The research work has been conducted from the year 2010 to 2013. During that period, the research team has collected data from a number of undergraduate students. The data has been collected through the questionnaires. The questionnaires were distributed to the students by the first and the second authors. The students were asked to fill the questionnaire on their own. The questionnaire was designed in such a way that it would help the researchers to collect data from the students in a better way. It was also designed in a way so that the students would be able to fill it easily. The questions in the questionnaire were based on the research findings of the previous studies that were conducted on the same topic. The results of those studies were also used to design the questions of the questionnaire in this research work. In addition to the questionnaire, the researchers have also collected the data through the interviews. The interviews were conducted with the help of the lecturers of the Department. The purpose of the interviews was to collect the opinions of the faculty members about the students’ academic writing. The faculty members were also asked to give their opinions about the reasons why the students should be encouraged to write better academic papers while they were still in their university.
Academic Writing: Academic writing is the writing that is required to be written in the academic papers. It is the kind of writing that a student must write while he or she is studying in a university or college. The academic writing is different from the other kinds of writing such as the creative writing and the non-academic writing. In academic writing, the students are required to write about the subjects that they are studying in their college or university. They must write about these subjects in a proper way. The kind of academic writing that they have to write is the research paper. This is the type of paper that they must write in order to get their degree. In order to write a good research paper, they must have a good command over the English language. The English language is the language that is used to write the research papers. In this book, the term academic writing will be used to refer to the writing of research papers in English. The term research paper will also be used as a synonym for academic writing in this book for the sake of convenience. The terms research paper and academic writing are also used interchangeably in the literature of the discipline of English literature and language. In the literature, the terms academic writing and research paper are also referred to as the academic essay and the research essay, respectively. The difference between the two types of papers is that a research paper is written to get a degree whereas an academic essay is written for the purpose of learning. In other words, an academic paper is a paper that is written with the intention of getting a degree. An academic essay, on the other hand, is a piece of writing written to learn a particular subject. For example, if a student wants to learn about the history of the United States, the student will write an essay on that subject. The student will not write a paper to get his or her degree.
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